Many people develop noticeable acne scarring over years of persistent breakouts. Sometimes acne scarring is a temporary superficial situation that results from healing acne flare-ups. For other people, acne scarring tends to leave more permanent depressions and dark brown or red pigmentation in the skin. Many people with acne scarring complain of a “cobblestone” appearance in areas where they have had persistent acne breakouts.
Different Types of Acne: Pimples, also called acne lesions, occur when a pore on your skin becomes clogged with dead skin cells and oil. Once this pore is clogged, the bacteria are able to grow beneath the skin and create a pimple.
Acne arrives in different forms:
- Mild acne:Whiteheads or blackheads that appear on the face at various times.
- Moderate acne: Red and inflamed pimples, known as papules, and red pimples with a white head, or center, called pustules.
- Severe acne: Pimples that emerge from beneath the surface of the skin, they are larger lumps that are filled with infected material and are very painful. This form of acne is called nodular acne.
The more severe forms of acne cause the most severe scarring. Nodules are more likely to create a permanent scare than a simple whitehead. It is best to treat acne as soon as you can. If you get treatment shortly after a breakout, it may prevent severe acne scarring.
How to Treat Acne Scars: Most skin changes that appear on the skin after the patient experiences a mild breakout are red or brown in color and tend to fade and disappear without any treatment.
Acne scars come in two forms:
- Rolling scars are scars that have a gradual indentation or concavity into the skin.
- Scars that are deep, but thinner in shape
Before acne scars can be smoothed out, the active acne must be treated and resolved.
- Mild vs. Severe Scarring
Depending on the severity of the acne scars, the treatment for the scarring varies. In some superficial cases, the doctor may suggest a chemical peel or microdermabrasion to improve the skin texture.
There are many things that you can do if you have a significant amount of scarring from a large number of previous breakouts:
- The Fraxel Laser Treatment: This type of treatment works at the level of the dermal collagen. This laser is used to improve deep scarring from acne with an average of only three treatments. The treatment causes little harm to the surface layer of the skin and the healing time is very short. The only effect of this treatment is a slightly sunburned look for a couple of days. After three treatments, deep acne scarring often improves significantly. The great advantage of the procedure is that it can be done with no “down” time or loss of work. See our webpage featuring the Fraxel laser treatment for more information.
- CO2 Fractional Laser: This procedure can be done in the doctor’s office. First the doctor will use local anesthesia to numb the skin. The procedure includes removing the top layer of the skin that is damaged, it will also tighten the middle layer of the skin. This procedure leaves the skin looking much smoother. The areas of the skin that are treated will normally take from about three to ten days to heal completely. They will remain moderately “red” for several weeks. Mineral makeup usually covers this quite well. The result is a smoother and softer complexion. This is an excellent treatment for deep acne scarring. Often, only one treatment is necessary.
- Dermabrasion: To wear away the surface of the skin the treatment requires an instrument such as a rotating wire brush or a spinning diamond instrument. After this is done the skin is able to heal in about ten days to three weeks. Once the skin is fully healed, a new and smoother layer of skin replaces the old and damaged layer that once covered the surface of your skin. See our webpage featuring Dermabrasion for more information.
If you suffer from acne scarring, BEST IMPRESSION MEDICAL SPA encourages you to make an appointment for a free consultation and skin evaluation. During this visit you will meet with a skin specialist. Your scars will be evaluated and recommendations will be made as to how you can decrease, and in some cases, eliminate unwanted scarring. In addition to treating acne scars, Dr. Mirabile offers treatment of active acne with the Intense Pulsed Light acne therapy.
To schedule your appointment for acne treatment or a consultation, please call Best Impression Cosmetic Surgery and Medical Spa at 610-272-8821 or email us through our virtual consultation form on our website.